Many entry-level jobs in this occupation are related to food manufacturing, and firsthand experience is often valued in that environment. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U. Source: U. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. In May , the median annual wages for agricultural and food scientists in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Challenges such as population growth, increased demand for water resources, combating pests and pathogens, changes in climate and weather patterns, and additional demand for agriculture products, such as biofuels, will continue to create demand for research in agricultural efficiency and sustainability.
Animal scientists will be needed to investigate and improve the diets, living conditions, and even genetic makeup of livestock. Food scientists and technologists will work to improve food-processing techniques, ensuring that products are safe, waste is limited, and food is shipped efficiently and safely. Soil and plant scientists will continue to try to understand and map soil composition. They will investigate ways to improve soils, to find uses for byproducts, and selectively breed crops to resist pests and disease, or improve taste.
The Occupational Employment Statistics OES program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over occupations. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The link s below go to OES data maps for employment and wages by state and area. All state projections data are available at www. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state.
CareerOneStop includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and metro area. There are links in the left-hand side menu to compare occupational employment by state and occupational wages by local area or metro area.
There is also a salary info tool to search for wages by zip code. This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of agricultural and food scientists. Biochemists and biophysicists study the chemical and physical principles of living things and of biological processes. Biological technicians help biological and medical scientists conduct laboratory tests and experiments.
Animal & Food Sciences
Chemical technicians use special instruments and techniques to assist chemists and chemical engineers. Conservation scientists and foresters manage the overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands, and other natural resources. Environmental scientists and specialists use their knowledge of the natural sciences to protect the environment and human health. Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers operate establishments that produce crops, livestock, and dairy products. Microbiologists study microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi, and some types of parasites.
Zoologists and wildlife biologists study animals and other wildlife and how they interact with their ecosystems. American Society of Agronomy. American Society of Animal Science. American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists.
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Future Farmers of America. Institute of Food Technologists. Soil Science Society of America. Food and Drug Administration.
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Agriculture. National Institutes of Health. Animal Scientists. Food Scientists and Technologists. Soil and Plant Scientists. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.congdong.bancongxanh.com/18037.php
Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources
Last Modified Date: Wednesday, September 4, The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised. This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties. The Work Environment tab includes the number of jobs held in the occupation and describes the workplace, the level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked.
It may also discuss the major industries that employed the occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of injury that workers may face. The How to Become One tab describes how to prepare for a job in the occupation. This tab can include information on education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for entering or working in the occupation. The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses.
Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and geographic area. For most profiles, this tab has a table with wages in the major industries employing the occupation. It does not include pay for self-employed workers, agriculture workers, or workers in private households because these data are not collected by the Occupational Employment Statistics OES survey, the source of BLS wage data in the OOH. The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and the number of job openings.
The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile. The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation. The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.
Additional training needed postemployment to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for more formal types of training or education. Agricultural and food scientists in private industry commonly work for food production companies, farms, and processing plants.
They may improve inspection standards or overall food quality. They spend their time in a laboratory, where they do tests and experiments, or in the field, where they take samples or assess overall conditions. Other agricultural and food scientists work for pharmaceutical companies, where they use biotechnology processes to develop drugs or other medical products. Some look for ways to process agricultural products into fuels, such as ethanol produced from corn.
At universities, agricultural and food scientists do research and investigate new methods of improving animal or soil health, nutrition, and other facets of food quality. For more information on professors who teach agricultural and food science at universities, see the profile on postsecondary teachers. In the federal government, agricultural and food scientists conduct research on animal safety and on methods of improving food and crop production.
They spend most of their time conducting clinical trials or developing experiments on animal and plant subjects. Agricultural and food scientists may eventually present their findings in peer-reviewed journals or other publications. Agricultural and food scientists held about 35, jobs in Employment in the detailed occupations that make up agricultural and food scientists was distributed as follows:. They spend most of their time studying data and reports in a laboratory or an office. Fieldwork includes visits to farms or processing plants.
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When visiting a food or animal production facility, agricultural and food scientists must follow biosecurity measures, wear suitable clothing, and tolerate the environment associated with food production processes. This environment may include noise associated with large production machinery, cold temperatures associated with food production or storage, and close proximity to animal byproducts. Certain positions may require travel, either domestic, international, or both. The amount of travel can vary widely. Some animal scientists earn a doctor of veterinary medicine DVM degree. Every state has at least one land-grant college that offers agricultural science degrees.
Many other colleges and universities also offer agricultural science degrees or related courses.
Degrees in related sciences, such as biology, chemistry, and physics, or in a related engineering specialty also may qualify people for many agricultural science jobs. Undergraduate coursework for food scientists and technologists and for soil and plant scientists typically includes biology, chemistry, botany, and plant conservation. Students preparing to be food scientists take courses such as food chemistry, food analysis, food microbiology, food engineering, and food-processing operations.
Students preparing to be soil and plant scientists take courses in plant pathology, soil chemistry, entomology the study of insects , plant physiology, and biochemistry. Undergraduate students in agricultural and food sciences typically gain a strong foundation in their specialty, with an emphasis on teamwork through internships and research opportunities. Students also are encouraged to take humanities courses, which can help them develop good communication skills, and computer courses, which can familiarize them with common programs and databases. Combined with coursework in business, agricultural and food science could be a good background for managerial jobs in farm-related or ranch-related businesses.
For more information, see the profile on farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers. Students who major in a more basic field, such as biology or chemistry, may be better suited for getting their Ph. During graduate school, there is additional emphasis on lab work and original research, in which prospective animal scientists have the opportunity to do experiments and sometimes supervise undergraduates.
Advanced research topics include genetics, animal reproduction, agronomy, and biotechnology, among others. Advanced coursework also emphasizes statistical analysis and experiment design, which are important as Ph. Some agricultural and food scientists receive a doctor of veterinary medicine DVM.
Like Ph. Communication skills. Communication skills are critical for agricultural and food scientists. They must explain their studies: what they were trying to learn, the methods they used, what they found, and what they think the implications of their findings are.